Lesson study is a japanese model of teacherled research in which a triad of teachers work together to target an identified area for development in their students learning. Introduction lesson study is a teaching improvement and knowledge building process that has origins in japanese elementary education lewis, 2002. It is a systematic investigation of classroom pedagogy conducted collectively by a group of teachers rather than by individuals, with the aim of improving the quality of teaching and learning. The lesson study revealed students misconceptions with regard to the tangent line.
It is this function to which its international attention can be attributed. This paper proposes a model for building pedagogical knowledge and improving teaching based on the practice of lesson study. Lesson study for better learning i n zambia, school teachers are recently trying to improve the quality of education by incorporating japan s lesson study. In lesson study a small group of instructors jointly designs, teaches, studies and refines a single class lesson called a research lesson. Since 1999, when stigler and hiebert first wrote about lesson study as a model for improvement of classroom practice in the us, lesson study has enjoyed an. Lesson study is a form of professional development based around teachers collaborating to design a research lesson. Sponsored by the 1997 timms testing programme, the research sought to explain pronounced differences in measured educational attainment between students of all ages in japan, and the us and. Enhancing mathematics teachers quality through lesson study.
Despite its popularity and results, the descriptive knowledge base of authentic lesson. Sep 15, 2016 yoshida m 1999a lesson study jugyokenkyu in elementary school mathematics in japan. Apr 20, 2020 lesson study is a wellestablished form of teacher collaborative inquiry in japan, which also gained popularity in the united states after publication of results from the third international. Lesson study originated in japan as an approach to instructional improvement that has recently sparked much interest in the united states. The origin of lesson study in japan naomichi makinae. Lesson study is a classroombased, collaborative mode of professional learning originating from japan jugyou kenkyuu meaning lesson study. Lesson study 200515, implemented by the zambian ministry of general education in partnership with the japan international cooperation agency jica, is a peer. He has been studying aikido, one of the japanese martial arts, in his home country. Purpose over the last 15 years, japanese lesson study has attracted growing interest as an alternative to conventional teacher professional development. Lesson study is a cpd approach originating in japan that has become more popular in england in recent years. This is a goldmine for true japanese learners or anyone interested and a waste.
Japanese lesson study has come under increasing attention from educators in the west and throughout southeast asia since it was revealed outside japan. An action research of lesson study in japan tetsuo. Lesson study is a popular professional development approach in japan whereby teachers collaborate to study content, instruction, and how students solve problems and reach for understanding in order to improve elementary mathematics instruction and learning in. In the first four lessons in the textbook, japanese words and sentences are presented in romanization roman alphabet representing japanese sounds along with the. I n this article, i describe how my understanding of lesson study developed following a trip to tokyo gakugei university in june 2015. Tom mcdougal this essay is part of the larger radio documentary teaching teachers, which you can listen to in its entirety on this website or on our podcast feed itunes. In japan, teachers improve their teaching through lesson study, a process in which teachers jointly plan, observe, analyze, and refine actual classroom lessons called research lessons. Similarly, in some japanese schools, a lesson study approach involved teachers in meeting regularly in collaborative teams to plan, observe, examine and refine lessons. Lesson study is widely credited for the steady improvement of japanese elementary mathematics and science instruction. Fldoe lesson study guide polk county public schools. Lesson study jugyou kenkyuu has spread outside japan in the last decade, providing opportunities to see how lesson study fares in countries where the instructional practices and curriculum materials differ from those in japan. Using existing evidence, participants collaboratively research, plan, teach and observe a series of lessons, using ongoing discussion, reflection and expert input to. In the early 1990s an american researcher named catherine lewis was working.
When we reflect at the end of our lesson study cycle, it shows me how to carry my learning beyond the cycle and impacts how i show up daily for my students in the classroom. Lesson study or jugyo kenkyu is a teaching improvement process that has origins in japanese elementary education, where it is a widespread professional development practice. The process of lesson study lesson study consists of preparation, actual class, and class. Pdf using japanese curriculum materials to support lesson. Lesson study is a collaborative approach to professional development that originated in japan.
Passing on to others the new practice knowledge you have gained in your lesson study. Research lesson at a public school in tokyo, japan. This study reports an elementary mathematics lesson study cycle from the united states. Japanese teachers doing lesson study at oshihara elementary school in japan, june 2012.
Pdf on jan 1, 2000, catherine lewis and others published lesson study. Lesson study as professional development studying classroom. Studying classroom teaching as a medium for professional development. Followup services for international students who studied in japan. Lesson study is used very commonly for professional development of teaching and school improvement in japan. And even when compared to studying the same lessons in an online format, the benefits of learning japanese in pdf format still add up to significant time savings. Results of teachers professional development are used to refine the lesson study observation instruments. We focused on lesson study or study lesson, or sometimes lesson research developed in japan, and currently are spreading to many countries such as china. Lesson study is a form of professional development japanese teachers use to help them improve and to incorporate new ideas and methods into their teaching. Studying japanese can be a very rewarding experience in its own right, but, more important, it has great practical value for anyone wishing to do business with the japanese or planning to visit japan. Japanese lesson study has proved to be one successful means. Working in a small group, teachers collaborate with one another, meeting to discuss learning goals, planning an actual classroom lesson called a research lesson, observing how their ideas work in a live lessons.
You can easily start learning basic grammar and vocabulary by listening to the story of anna, who. In japan, jugyou kenkyuuor lesson studyis the most common form of professional development among elementary school and lowersecondary school grades 7, 8, and 9 teachers. The national curricular standards for elementary, junior high, and senior high schools in japan in the postwar period are stipulated in the national course of study gakusyu shidou youryo. Lesson study originally a japanese practice of enhancing teaching practice, wherein teachers conduct a systematic inquiry into their pedagogical practice by closely examining their lesson. Working in a small group, teachers collaborate with one another, meeting to discuss learning goals, planning an actual classroom lesson called a research lesson. This study is anchored on the concept of jugyokenkyu, which came from the japanese word jugyo lesson and kenkyu study or simply lesson study. We describe how college teachers can do lesson study in their classrooms.
The core of japanese professional development find, read and. The email newsletter for international students in japan bringing the benefits of networking to former, current and prospective students by. Pdf improvement through lesson study sarah seleznyov. The effect on teachers professional development this study combines elements of the japanese lesson study approach and teachers professional development. Classroom innovations through lesson study is an apec ednet asiapacific economic cooperation education network project that aims to improve the quality of education in the area of mathematics. Lesson study ls is a highly specified form of classroom action research focusing on the. Lesson study ls is a teaching improvement process where teachers collaborate in small groups. Four ways lesson study improves teaching classroom chronicles. Using japanese lesson study to increase collaboration. While in the united states it is best known as a means of improving math instruction, in japan lesson study is practiced in all subjects, from. Lesson plans may be a hassle for teachers from time to time, but there are some lesson plan templates in pdf that could help them out. Oct 21, 2015 lesson study provides the opportunity for teachers to make teaching a communal practice by working collaboratively to improve teaching.
Lesson study and using the lesson study model as a platform for inschool. Reflections on japanese preschool and elementary education. This article presents a theoretical model of lesson study, an approach to instructional improvement that originated in japan. Pronunciation and romanisation japanese has a relatively simple sound system. Japanese lesson study is recognized as successful methodology in. In japan, lesson study is used in all subjects, including physical education and music, and even lunch, but in the u. If theres no lesson study, takahashi says, how can teachers learn how to improve instruction. The changes in the goals of mathematics education can be understood by looking at the mathematics goals stated in the national course of study in each decade. According to lewis and hurd 2011, lesson study originated in japan and is. It takes place once a week during curriculum development space cds sessions to grow the professional learning community in hillgrove.
The origin of lesson study in japan naomichi makinae makinae. Sep 03, 2014 kanji elementary school 1st grade overview part 1please read the correction below. Other formats include lesson study conducted by groups of teachers on a voluntary basis and lesson study sessions hosted by teachers unions and academic societies. The postprimary maths team pdst are using lesson study to support teachers in adopting structured problem solving in their teaching of mathematics. Paper presented at the american educational research association annual meeting, montreal, canada. Lesson study is the deep dive that has touched on my values as a teacher and my knowledge foundation. Planning, teaching and analyzing the research lesson. Western initiatives, richly funded and mandated, lesson study in japan is. Here, you will find tons of 12 page japanese pdf lessons and cheat sheets covering all topics. Pdf key issues of lesson study in japan and the united. Lesson study, a trip to japan rosa archer describes ideas from the lesson study approach she observed in japan that she feels are transferable to the english context. This textbook can be used for selfstudy, as part of an online course, or as. Pdf lesson study at the foreign language university level. Key issues of lesson study in japan and the united states.
This book supports the growing movement of lesson study to improve the quality of mathematics education from the original viewpoints of japanese educators who have been engaging in lesson study in mathematics for professional development and curriculum implementation. This book includes challenges of lesson study implementation from members of the apec economies. The first few characters often prove to be crucial in the progress of learners as it can sometimes determine their level of interest in the language. Catherine lewis, distinguished research fellow of education at mills college, speaks about how japanese teachers learn by working with others. Pdf key issues of lesson study in japan and the united states. Understanding and implementing japanese lesson study. Using japanese lesson study to increase collaboration among. Teacher professional development through communities of inquiry brian doig and susie groves deakin university japanese lesson study has come under increasing attention from educators in the west and throughout southeast asia since it was revealed outside japan through the release of the timss video study. This study aims to clarify the history and issues in the origin of lesson study in japan. Lesson study projects education endowment foundation eef. A case study of schoolbased lesson study at a japanese public.
Lesson study jugyoukenkyu, an inquiry model of teacher professional development, is used extensively throughout japan and has begun to capture the attention of the american educational community as a potential strategy for. Japan s only public broadcaster nhk provides this reliable japanese language course for free. To investigate the nature of the support for teachers learning during the. Pdf in recent research, it has been argued that effective professional learning would continue over the long term and is best suited for a. It is a collaborative professional development process that allows for an in depth exploration of an individual lesson in ways that enable participants to enhance their own and. The theoretical model includes four lesson study features investigation, planning, research lesson, and reflection and three pathways through which lesson study improves instruction. Lesson study has been used successfully in this country to improve teaching techniques. This textbook can be used for self study, as part of an online course, or as a. The lesson study structure, in which a successful lesson is a combined effort, supports participants in growing outside of their traditional practices. Improving mathematics instruction through lesson study. From the outside, lesson study is conceived as a way of professional development but from our japanese perspective lesson study is a part of teachers work. Lesson study as a model for building pedagogical knowledge.
Lesson study is a wellestablished form of teacher collaborative inquiry in japan, which also gained popularity in the united states after publication of. Improving teaching through lesson study 78 ing gap. Purpose the purpose of this paper is to determine if a blended learning component can aid professional development, improve student ability and be approved at the foreign language level using the lesson study ls method at a university in japan. Given the multitude of formats in which these efforts are being conducted, it appears that lesson study has taken root in japan s educational culture in the. Problem solving approaches in mathematics education as a japanese experience masami isoda center for research on international cooperation in educational development, university of tsukuba abstract lesson study is a scientific activity for japanese teachers on their meaning. It involves many elements that are believed to be important for effective cpd, such as peer support and teacher observation, but its impact on pupil outcomes has not been robustly tested at this scale before, which is why we funded this. Lesson study can be used to develop, refine and promote the teaching of. Lesson study meets florida professional development system evaluation protocol standards 1. It features descriptions of essential steps, answers to common questions, annotated examples of lesson study work, and guiding questions to help you focus and plan your lesson study conversations. Its also a set of instructions that describe the path of the lesson. A usjapan lesson study collaboration reveals critical lenses for examining practice. An explorative research design is conducted with three upper level high school teachers in the light of educational design research, whereby. This guide introduces you to the lesson study process. This work is generally acknowledged to have been seminal for the global development of lesson study as a method for improving teaching and learning.545 1191 709 1224 69 1380 227 1163 194 898 328 1271 1078 1454 1052 970 608 1478 1514 468 636 466 167 1194 98 1109 614 1249 343 45 863 181 281