Jemaah islamiyah flag abu bakar baasyir has been a primary driving force behind extremistmuslim ideology in indonesia for decades. Jemaah islamiyah ji or islamic community is a terrorist organization that has set itself apart from other radical islamic southeast asian groups through its transnational and global aspirations. Knowledge transfer in the terrorist world ithaca, ny. Sbs dateline fauzi hasbi, the son of a separatist leader in the indonesian province of aceh, is captured by an indonesian military special forces unit in 1979 and soon becomes a mole for the indonesian government. Suspected of leading 2002 bali bombing, which led to new terrorism laws for indonesia. When jemaah islamiyah suspect, ihwanudin, was arrested by indonesian police in the early hours of july 11, they found an m16 rifle and 1,640 bullets at his residence. Jemaah islamiyah, will conceptualise terrorism and its implications in the region. Ideologynot poverty or illiteracyis the key driver of islamist terrorism. An example of this hostility to globalisation is jemaah islamiyah ji which is a south east asian member of the global jihadist gj movement, which is dominated by the ultraconservative wahhabisalafi interpretation of islam. Ji personnel conducted the 2002 attacks in bali nightclubs 202 deaths, the 2003 car bombing at jw marriott hotel in jakarta 12 deaths, the 2004 truck bombing of australian embassy 11 deaths, and the 2005 suicide bombing at hotels in jakarta. Also known as marwan, zulkifli bin hir is believed to have conducted bomb making training for yet another jihadist group, abu sayyaf. Ji has strong ties to regional entities such as the moro islamic liberation front milf, darul islam di, dewan dawah islamiyah indonesia.
However, some sources claim that the group was created around the late 1970s or early 1980s, but during that time the group was not involved in violent attacks. There is confusion concerning the dates for the rise of ji, as the name jemaah islamiyah was first used in the 1970s. Bbc news asiapacific jemaah islamiah split but still deadly. Terrorist organizations vulnerabilities and inefficiencies. Jemaah islamiyah ji is a jihadist group in southeast asia that seeks to establish a caliphate in the region through violent means. In this book chapter, i present a study of the transition of jemaah islamiyah ji to the islamic state is in malaysia as well as an overview of malaysias. With the 2003 marriott hotel bombing, hambali set a precedent for a secret team pursuing jihad on its own.
Jakarta, 27 april 2017 a rebuilt, restructured jemaah islamiyah ji remains a threat, not because it is likely to resume a campaign of violence but because it could give rise to a more militant splinter. Ji, which remains a potent force, is benefitting from a narrow focus on islamic state. Jemaah islamiyah islamic militant organization britannica. Jemaah islamiyah is a third jihadist organization based out of malaysia. It wants the creation of an islamic caliphate daulah islamiyah in southeast asia. Jemaah islamiyah ji was created by abdullah sungkar and abu bakar baasyir, two indonesian extremists who fled to malaysia in 1985. Jemaah islamiyah ji have used these doctrines as a base of justification. Jemaah islamiyah ji was created by abdullah sungkar and abu bakar. Jemaah islamiyah detainee, mas selamat bin kastari, from the whitley road detention centre 5 assessment of detainees, and policy on handcuffs. As of 2014 part of the group has pledged allegiance to the islamic state isis. Ji is the main suspect behind the latest attacks in bali.
Jemaah islamiyah ji was founded in 1993 in malaysia by abu bakar baasyir and abdullah sungkar. Pdf from jemaah islamiyah to islamic state in malaysia. This sort of distortion and softening of terrorists entities is systemic here in canada. The jemaah islamiyah ji is the largest terrorist organization in indonesia, and is also active in other southeast asian countries including malaysia, the philippines, and singapore. What links here related changes upload file special pages permanent link page information wikidata item cite this page. In october 2003, hambali was arrested in thialand, holding a spanish passport.
In may this year, up to 10 villages in the west papuan highlands were burned and at least 20 people were killed, in what local people claim were terrorist actions attacks by groups linked to jemaah islamiah. Apr 27, 2017 the reemergence of jemaah islamiyah, the latest report from the institute for policy analysis of conflict ipac, examines the hybrid nature of the new ji, the organisation forever associated with the 2002 bali bombings. Jemaah islamiyah center for strategic and international. Other articles where jemaah islamiyah is discussed. Jemaah islamiyahs radical madrassah networks justin magouirka and scott atranb aglobal transnational terrorism project, center on terrorism, john jay college of criminal justice, new york, usa. Some components of ji remain however, and the increasing influence of the islamic state in iraq and syria complicates matters. The jemaah isl amiy h arrests and the threat of terroris ms ingap ore. Jemaah islamiah has also setup shop in west papua and may become part of the west papuan genocide problems. Understanding the threat of jemaah islamiyah analysis by.
There is profound hostility towards globalisation from nationalist and religious groups on a global basis. Both groups have several similarities and differences that reveal the heterogeneous nature of terrorist organisations. Jemaah islamiya ji for decades, the indonesiabased jemaah islamiyah has expounded its idea of amalgamating indonesia, malaysia and the southern philippines into a regional islamic state. The reemergence of jemaah islamiyah violent extremism. Indonesia, in late 2000, a relatively senior jemaah islamiyah ji member arranged for funds raised from oil company workers to be channeled through one local militia, kompaksolo, to ji and another local militia, mujahidin kompak. Jemaah islamiyah ji is an islamist extremist group in indonesia that seeks to overthrow the government and create a panislamic state in southeast asia.
Jemaah islamiyah critical discussion of tactics and. The group has its roots in darul islam, a violent radical movement that advocated the establishment of islamic law. The emergence of jemaah islamiyah threat in southeast asia. Click here to start a new topic please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes new to wikipedia. Ideology frames a terrorist groups organizational structure, leadership and membership motivation, recruitment and support, and strategies and tactics. Jemaah islamiyah means simply islamic group and the organizations ideological roots stretch back to indonesian independence at the end of world war ii. Jul 18, 2009 jemaah islamiyah means simply islamic group and the organizations ideological roots stretch back to indonesian independence at the end of world war ii. The ideology of aljamaah alislamiya by rohan gunaratna.
Oct 03, 2005 jemaah islamiah, the group most likely to have carried out the bali bomb attacks on 1 october, has in recent months been beset by internal disputes over ideology and the use of violence. Jemaah islamiyah ji is a jihadist group in southeast asia that seeks to. Jemaah islamiyah is considered the alqaeda affiliate in southeast asia. Nov 05, 2015 jemaah islamiyah has been responsible for several high profile attacks over the past decade. Us news and world report, 10202002 this warning is based on two intelligence sources. Jemaah islamiyah is a southeast asian militant extremist islamist rebel group dedicated to the. A bomb manual published by the jemaah islamiah was used in the 2002 bali terrorist. Suspected of having carried out several other terrorist attacks in the past, jemaah islamiyah was also linked by the indonesian government to alqaeda, the international terrorist network founded by. Jemaah islamiyah variously referred to as, jemaah islamiya, jemaah islamiah or jemaah islamiyahh, which in arabic means islamic group or community. It was during this period that sungkar and baasyirs network established close ties with. The organization uses terrorism to promote an extreme islamic agenda and has links to al qaeda.
The fire brings in the philippine police, who in turn shared recovered files with. Still southeast asias greatest terrorist threat by bilveer singh. How the jemaah islamiyah terrorist network operates icg asia report n43, 11 december 2002 page ii central sulawesi where communal conflict erupted in 1999 and 2000. From the time jemaah islamiyah was established on 1 january 1993as the result of an internal split within the darul islam di movementuntil the time it first engaged in terrorist activitieswith the medan church bombings on 28 may 2000the group was structured and managed in accordance with this handbook. In exile, the two men began dispatching fighters to join the growing ranks of international muslim volunteers seeking to repel the red army from afghanistan.
Jemaah islamiyah ji have used these doctrines as a base of justification for a radicalized ideology that seeks to overthrow the state. The workers were so concerned about the probity of these transfers that they appointed an auditor to oversee the. Ji seeks to create an islamic government based on sharia in indonesia. Jemaah islamiyah center for strategic and international studies. Bbc news asiapacific jemaah islamiah split but still. Nov 01, 2011 jemaah islamiyah ji was created by abdullah sungkar and abu bakar baasyir, two indonesian extremists who fled to malaysia in 1985. The group has been beset by divisions and fractures. This is not a forum for general discussion of the articles subject put new text under old text. This is a question posed today online by the canadian broadcasting corporation cbc. With the southeast asia region festering terrorist growth. A handful of members and persons close to jemaah islamiyah ji, indonesias most prominent extremist organisation, have developed a profitable publishing. The conversations were intercepted in the weeks before the bali bombings.
Ji first raised its global profile after carrying out bombings in bali in 2002 and 2005, killing 202 and 20 people. The group is led by its cofounder, abu bakar bashir, who pledged loyalty to isis in july 2014. The reemergence of jemaah islamiyah, the latest report from the institute for policy analysis of conflict ipac, examines the hybrid nature of the new ji, the organisation forever. Methods of training and indoctrination in jemaah islamiyah. Jemaah islamiyah is a clan destine salafijihadist movement that arose in 1993 as a breakaway faction of darul islam di.
Times, ji manual sold openly in jakarta, 23 november 2003. It all started when filipino police conducted a raid looking for malaysian bombmaker and jemaah islamiyah leader zulkifli bin hir. Jemaah islamiyah ji is a militant islamist group active in several southeast asian countries that seeks to establish a panislamic state across much of the region. Ji is alleged to have attacked or plotted against u. Despite the severity of the challenge from this radical ideology promoted through violence, indonesia has experienced relative success in. Image caption indonesian cleric abu bakar baasyir, said to be the spiritual leader of the group, was jailed in 2010. For their parts in the bali bombings imron was sentenced to life in prison, with bashir receiving a two and a half year prison term. The merger between jemaah islamiyah and abu sayyaf group an analysis by. Jemaah islamiah ji, a south east asian militant group with links to al. The operational capabilities of jemaah islamiyah have considerably diminished with minimal attacks over the past lustrum and no recorded attacks in 20. The australian government first proscribed jemaah islamiyah ji as a terrorist organisation on 27 october 2002, and relisted ji on 1 september 2004, 26 august 2006, 9 august 2008, 22 july 2010, 12 july 20 and 28 june 2016. Global research network on terrorism and technology.
Hasbi becomes a leader in the separatist free aceh movement gam, and he also plays a longtime role in jemaah islamiyah, an alqaeda affiliate. Jemaah islamiyah simple english wikipedia, the free. He has been a leader and a source of spiritual inspiration to some of the most violent terrorists of our times and his legacy will continue to be a driver of terrorist groups and radical organizations for years. External linkages and influences, paper presented at a workshop on international terrorism in southeast asia and likely implications for south asia, organized by the observer research foundation, new delhi, india, 2829 april 2004. Jemaah islamiyah islamic community in arabic is a militant group. More than a dozen arrests since 2014 have revealed a highly structured operation concentrated on java but with.
With a few exceptions, such as the attack on the residence of the philippine ambassador in jakarta in august 2000, the targets were mostly churches. It would include indonesia, malaysia, the southern philippines, singapore and brunei. Jemaah islamiah split but still deadly by david wrightneville monash university, melbourne jemaah islamiah, the group most likely to have carried out the bali bomb attacks on 1 october, has in recent months been beset by internal disputes over ideology and the use of violence. The name jemaah islamiyah dates to the late 1970s, but experts arent certain if the name referred to a formal organization or an informal gathering of likeminded muslim radicalsor a government label for islamist malcontents. It is unclear whether the conversations were translated or analyzed before the bombings. Jemaah islamiyah critical discussion of tactics and threats. This report affirms what many scholars agree, that there is no universal counterterrorism approach.
Jemaah islamiyah ji was created by abdullah sungkar and abu bakar baasyir, two indonesian. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the jemaah islamiyah article. Feb 26, 2004 when jemaah islamiyah suspect, ihwanudin, was arrested by indonesian police in the early hours of july 11, they found an m16 rifle and 1,640 bullets at his residence. He was arrested in thailand and remains in us custody. We would like to show you a description here but the site wont allow us. Wide shot of milf rebels walking inside milf moro islamic liberation front.533 274 1142 365 1167 418 1395 512 141 137 817 510 1417 7 682 981 1212 1069 1231 937 1122 1291 572 551 366 613 1196 1181 940 497 515 764 71 552 67 1410 851 1143 709 595 40